Under Act 46 there are basically two ways for school districts to merge — either through the preferred merger or the alternative merger.
Under the preferred merger, the towns and cities merging pool their resources so that the super-board made up of members from each town or city has representation based on its population, effectively giving control to the larger towns or cities. This board now owns all the schools in the new district, controls their operation and controls the total budget for the district.
Under the alternative merger, there is still a super-board in charge of overall district operations, but with some significant differences. For example, in 2012, the Rutland Windsor Supervisory Union and Windsor Southwest Supervisory Union merged into the Two Rivers Supervisory Union, closing one superintendent’s office with savings of about $300,000 to date. District resources are shared by all the towns. Each member town controls its own elementary school as it has historically. It discusses its school operation at town meeting and votes a budget for its own school. This is the same format permitted under Act 46’s alternative merger.
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